This Lecture: From the Greek ontos, there is a branch of metaphysics referred to as ontology, devoted to the question of "real being." Ontological controversies have broad ethical and social implications. The Course: These lectures offer a coherent and beautifully articulated introduction to the great philosophic conversation of the ages. They cover an enormous range of seminal thinkers and perspectives, but always from the vantage point of the enduring questions: What can we know? How ought we to act? How should we order our life together? Dr. Robinson's lectures make the ideas of philosophy thrilling. All Lectures: 1. From the Upanishads to Homer 2. Philosophy - Did the Greeks Invent It? 3. Pythagoras and the Divinity of Number 4. What Is There? 5. The Greek Tragedians on Man's Fate 6. Herodotus and the Lamp of History 7. Socrates on the Examined Life 8. Plato's Search For Truth 9. Can Virtue Be Taught? 10. Plato's Republic - Man Writ Large 11. Hippocrates and the Science of Life 12. Aristotle on the Knowable 13. Aristotle on Friendship 14. Aristotle on the Perfect Life 15. Rome, the Stoics, and the Rule of Law 16. The Stoic Bridge to Christianity 17. Roman Law - Making a City of the Once-Wide World 18. The Light Within - Augustine on Human Nature 19. Islam 20. Secular Knowledge - The Idea of University 21. The Reappearance of Experimental Science 22. Scholasticism and the Theory of Natural Law 23. The Renaissance - Was There One? 24. Let Us Burn the Witches to Save Them 25. Francis Bacon and the Authority of Experience 26. Descartes and the Authority of Reason 27. Newton - The Saint of Science 28. Hobbes and the Social Machine 29. Locke's Newtonian Science of the Mind 30. No matter? The Challenge of Materialism 31. Hume and the Pursuit of Happiness 32. Thomas Reid and the Scottish School 33. France and the Philosophes 34. The Federalist Papers and the Great Experiment 35. What Is Enlightenment? Kant on Freedom 36. Moral Science and the Natural World 37. Phrenology - A Science of the Mind 38. The Idea of Freedom 39. The Hegelians and History 40. The Aesthetic Movement - Genius 41. Nietzsche at the Twilight 42. The Liberal Tradition - J. S. Mill 43. Darwin and Nature's "Purposes" 44. Marxism - Dead But Not Forgotten 45. The Freudian World 46. The Radical William James 47. William James's Pragmatism 48. Wittgenstein and the Discursive Turn 49. Alan Turing in the Forest of Wisdom 50. Four Theories of the Good Life 51. Ontology - What There "Really" Is 52. Philosophy of Science - The Last Word? 53. Philosophy of Psychology and Related Confusions 54. Philosophy of Mind, If There Is One 55. What makes a Problem "Moral" 56. Medicine and the Value of Life 57. On the Nature of Law 58. Justice and Just Wars 59. Aesthetics - Beauty Without Observers 60. God - Really?